Initiatives Taken by MUDA on Cleanliness
Some of the green initiatives taken by the Community:
- In Laban in the Iew Dak and the adjoining shopping areas, the Laban Dorbar Shnong had implemented one commendable green initiative by issuing circulars to all the shops prohibiting use of low grade plastic bags and that shoppers /customers should bring their own shopping bags and if not, they can purchase the high grade plastic bag at a cost of Rs. 5/- and Rs. 10/- according to the size. This was implemented earlier this year and it has received a huge response from the public. In fact, some shops like Azaad Stores do encourage the customers to return the high grade plastic bags for re-use in the shop and the same is adjusted in their bills. The Pan and Kwai shops have been selling kwai in banana leaves instead of the usual small plastic bags.
- Another good initiative toward recycling is being implemented by the Ehbok Company where they encouraged the customers to return the squash and juice bottles and the cost will be recompensed in the fresh juice or squash being purchased.
Clean Shillong Campaign 2008
As part of this Campaign a cell was set up in the office of the SMB and manned by the SMB supervisors with the Clean Shillong Campaign Staff of MUDA. The Cell was responsible in field enforcement of the various sections of the MM Act and the Shillong Municipal Bye-Laws pertaining to cleanliness and sanitation. The Executive Engineer of the SMB was the officer in charge of the cell assisted by the Senior Sanitary Inspectors, Sanitary Inspectors and the Conservancy Supervisors of the SMB.
The responsibilities of the cell were as follows:-
- Checking the indiscriminate littering and dumping of waste on the roads, streets and drains in the city.
- Catching and penalizing anybody committing nuisance as per the definition of the MM Act 1973: Section 3 (30) of the Act defines “Nuisance includes any act, emission, place or thing which cause or is likely to cause injury, danger, annoyance or offence to the sense of sight, smell or hearing or which is or maybe dangerous to life, health or property”. By the definition of the Act these acts can be termed as nuisance: Spitting on the road and roadsides, Urinating/defecating into the open, littering and hawking/vending on the road/footpath.
- Checking the discharging of sewage/sludge into the drains/streams and unauthorized under the provision of sections 198 to 216 of the MM Act 1973.
The Modus operandi of the Cell is outlined below:-
- The CSC personnel were deputed to patrol specific stretches of roads or areas under a supervisor for each area, to catch anyone found committing nuisance or violating the various sections of the MM Act and Bye-Laws.
- Anyone caught was brought to the SSI/SI/CS in-charge of the area. The SSI/SI/CS was empowered to penalize the offender.
- The sections of the MM Act/ SM Bye-Laws under which the Cell took action are annexed below
Reporting and allotment of duties:
The CSC personnel along with the supervisors were allotted roster duties to patrol the streets at specified timings.
- The SSI/SI/CS of the SMB supervised and monitored the work of all the personnel within their respective area.
- The supervisor recorded the attendance of the personnel under their watch and kept a log of the actions taken which were cross checked and countersigned by the respective SSI/SI/CS.
- The attendance sheet and the action taken log was submitted to the EE/SMB who was the overall in-charge of the Cell.
- The CSC personnel appointed by MUDA shall not paid salary unless their attendance/performance was certified by the SSI of the SMB.
- The Cell functioned from the office of the SMB. Complaints with regards to violations of acts and rules were logged in the following number – 0364-2224850
The details of performance by the Clean Shillong Campaign staff of MUDA
- A group of Morning and Evening Shift was laid out with a Schedule of timing (i) from 7:00 A.M to 1:00 P. M and (ii) from 1:00 P. M to 7:00 P. M. The groups were divided into 6 (six) zones viz.: A, B, C, D, E, F where each group had their own Supervisor / Incharge from Shillong Municipal Board both for Morning and Evening Shift (Detail Enclosed) so that the Clean Shillong Campaign staff reported to them daily and also stated against any problems faced during their duty performance.
- The Clean Shillong Campaign staff had to daily walk their rounds in their respective areas to see that street-hawkers do not accommodate anywhere and if they are found, they were asked politely and with a good communication manner to remove their goods from the place they accommodated. If the concern hawkers did not comply, the Clean Shillong Campaign staff did not use any force to remove but reported to their Supervisor (so as to avoid conflict leading to endangerment).
- The Clean Shillong Campaign staffs also monitored against public pedestrians littering the streets, approached them and politely asked them to pick up and directed them to throw in the placed litter-bin / dustbin.
- The Clean Shillong Campaign staffs also monitored against any shops throwing their litters / garbage to the streets. A prepared notice by the Shillong Municipal Board was served to the concerned shop/s.
- The Clean Shillong Campaign staff also monitored against any offences such as passing urine / stool along any part of their areas. Violators were caught and brought to the office of the Shillong Municipal Board for imposing of fine / penalty against their offence.
- Lastly, the Chief Executive Officer, Shillong Municipal Board made aware that the above duty performance are protected under the Act.
This campaign was discontinued from 2009 due to lack of funds.
Solid Waste Management Project for Shillong 2002
- In 2002, the Government had launched the Solid Waste Management Programme both within and outside the Municipal limits of Shillong. Within the municipal area the programme was implemented by the Shillong Municipal Board with the involvement of the local durbars
- Apart from the above, MLAs of some constituencies within Greater Shillong Area like Malki-Nongthymmai, Mawlai, Mawprem etc. had also provided trucks and Tri wheelers for collection of garbage within their localities. Some private parties had also taken the initiative themselves towards keeping the localities clean and had started door to door collection of garbage on payment basis.
- At the time of launching the programme, a series of meetings and consultations were taken with the various stakeholders i.e. the local durbars, NGOs etc. for chalking out the detailed plan for implementation. Towards monitoring, inspections were also taken periodically even at the level of the Govt. to ensure that the programme was running smoothly.
Solid Waste Disposal outside Municipal Limits
- A solid waste disposal plan was proposed for the areas outside municipal limits in the townships of Mawlai, Nongthymmai, Madanriting, Pynthorumkhrah and Nongmynsong. There was an urgent need to evolve a system, which could be integrated with the overall Solid Waste Management system of Shillong. Towards this end, it was proposed that Meghalaya Urban Development Authority set up under the provision of Meghalaya Town and Country Planning Act, 1973, act as a Nodal agency for evolving and co-ordinating the new Solid Waste Management programme for these townships.
- The implementation of the programme was through the Community Development Societies (CDS) set up in each of these townships. The CDS were registered bodies and included all grass root Institutions of different shades such as the Dorbar Pyllun/Town Durbar, Local Durbars, Seng Samlas, Seng Kynthei etc. as its members. The jurisdiction of such a Society was co-terminus with the jurisdiction of Rangbah Shnongs. The role of the CDS would be to motivate each and every household for proper collection and disposal of garbage/waste. The CDS would work as a linkage between the community and MUDA to ensure cleanliness and environmental hygiene and sanitation.
- At the township level, there would be an apex body like the Dorbar Pyllun or Town Durbar, which would be co-ordinating the inter-CDS functioning within their respective township. Above these, there would be the City Level CDS, which would be responsible for co-ordination among all the CDS within the City.
- Meghalaya Urban Development Authority had initially provided infrastructure support in the form of trucks, tri-wheelers and sweeping equipments to the CDS and any other technical inputs required for drawing up the plan as well as implementation of the plan. However, expenditure on operation and maintenance of the fleet of vehicles, the recurring expenditure on the system to be adopted was to be borne by the CDS out of a collection to be made from the residents.
- Before launching the programme, the jurisdiction of the CDS was defined and depicted on a scaled map where the natural features and man made features were indicated such as streams, major drains, roads and footpaths etc. Areas, which are accessible or inaccessible by road/lane, footpath, were to be clearly indicated on the map so that accessibility of the area either by three wheelers, small trucks or large trucks can be determined. Based on the above, the road map for collection of garbage would be prepared indicating the time the vehicle will reach the locality and move from door to door for collection and transportation to the dumping ground.
- Hand in hand with the Solid Waste Management programme, cleaning of streams, major drains within the jurisdiction of the respective CDS should also be taken up. The objective was to clear these streams/drains of garbage/plastics in order to prevent and mitigate the problem of siltation and flooding of the main rivers like Wah Umkhrah, Um Shyrpi etc. For this purpose, stretches of streams and major drains falling within the jurisdiction of the CDS are to be marked separately on the map. This is required to indicate the probable location for arresting the movement of garbage to major drains and into the streams.
Under this programme, MUDA had extended support to the different localities for strengthening collection and transportation of garbage in the form of assisting them in the form of collection vehicles and equipments. After signing the MOA with the Community Development Societies (CDS) formed by five localities namely, Mawlai, Nongthymmai, Pynthorumkhrah, Madanrting and Nongmynsong trucks and tri- wheelers were handed over to them for implementation of the solid waste management at the locality level. The operation and maintenance was the sole responsibility of the CDS.
Storm Water Drainage
- To provide an effective storm water drainage system, that is effective and comprehensive to prevent flooding, water logging, and inundation and its consequent damages; through the repair and construction of existing and new drains within the Greater Shillong Planning Area
- a three pronged strategy was identified in the City Development Plan which included the following components:
- Drains – Cleaning, Rehabilitation and New Drains
- Major Drainage Channels – Desilting, Cleaning, Rehabilitation Works and New Works
- Disposal – Desilting, Cleaning, Rehabilitation Works at receiving water body.
- This project was conceived to be implemented in three phases. In the present Phase-II of this project contiguous areas falling to the West of the Areas falling under Phase-I of the project, has been considered for restructuring the storm water drainage system.
Drains were classified based on shape and sizes. These are as follows:
- Rectangular drains of sizes as follows:
- 0.60m x 0.60m
- 1.80m x 1.80m
- 0.30m x 0.30m
The Shillong Drainage Master Plan Phase 1 project was sanctioned by the Government of India under the JNNURM in 2008 for the Shillong Municipal Area and was implemented by MUDA from 2009 and completed in 2014. Under this project a total of 105939.96 running meters of drains were constructed which consists of repairing and improvement of various categories of existing drains and construction and extension of new drains. The implementation of this project has mitigated to a large extent the problems relating to water-logging, inundation and prevented erosion of the existing drainage system. In most cases the drains have been renovated or re-constructed along natural storm water flow courses which has effectively drained off storm water from catchment. However, maintenance of a proper drainage system needs to be concurrently synced with a proper waste management system so that garbage are not dumped in the drains to prevent water-logging.